Geochemistry, Astrobiology, Mars, Water: rock interactions, Geomicrobiology, Chemical weathering, Soil-forming processes
Ph.D. – Pennsylvania State University
I am an aqueous geochemist and astrobiologist, and the overall theme of my research program is to investigate interactions between water and minerals, and the impacts of life on those interactions. We use a combination of field work, laboratory experiments, and modeling to investigate signatures of aqueous alteration and life, the rates at which these reactions occur, and how they differ on Earth and on other planets such as Mars. Our work helps understand chemical weathering, nutrient release, the formation of soils, and biosignatures on both Earth and Mars.
In our field projects, we have examined weathering profiles that show that mineral persistence records the pH, temperature and organic acids in solutions interacting with basaltic rock (Hausrath et al., 2008a ; Hausrath et al., 2008b, Hausrath et al., 2011) and the solution pH and impact of Fe-oxidizing bacteria in solutions interacting with serpentinite rock (Baumeister et al., 2015). We also use field experiments in which we place minerals in natural environments such as arctic soils (Hausrath et al., 2008) and fumaroles (Hausrath and Tschauner, 2013) to examine changes in the surfaces with alteration.
We perform laboratory dissolution experiments, to examine the rates at which minerals dissolve, the impacts of the dissolution on mineral surfaces, and to examine conditions that are difficult to find in natural terrestrial environments (e.g. experiments that are relevant to Mars). We have examined the dissolution of nutrient-rich phosphate minerals (Adcock et al., 2013 ; Tu et al., 2014); clay minerals found on Mars (Gainey et al., 2014), and dissolution in brines relevant to Mars (Hausrath et al., 2010). We also include both microorganisms and the biological products of organisms such as organic acids to examine the effects of biological processes on these reactions (Hausrath et al., 2007 ; Hausrath et al., 2009 )
We use kinetic and thermodynamic numerical modeling to answer scientific questions that cannot be answered in a lab or field setting. We have examined weathering of basalt relevant to both Earth and Mars using reactive transport modeling (Hausrath et al., 2008), and examined the implications of dissolution of carbonate (Hausrath and Olsen, 2013) and phosphate-rich rocks on Mars (Adcock et al., 2015), as well as the behavior of selenium in terrestrial environments (Devitt et al., 2014).
I am currently looking for graduate students at both the MS and PhD level, so if you are interested, please contact me at Elisabeth.Hausrath@unlv.edu.
Selected recent publications – for complete publication list please see the Hausrath Research Group website:
* indicates student author
*Adcock, C.T., E.M. Hausrath, Forster, P. (2013) Readily available phosphate from minerals in aqueous environments on early Mars Nature Geoscience 6: 824-827. This paper was featured in the News and Views section of Nature Geoscience (Pasek 2013).
Hausrath, E.M. and O. Tschauner (2013) Natural fumarolic alteration of fluorapatite, olivine, and basaltic glass, and implications for habitable environments on Mars Astrobiology 13 (11): 1049-1064
*Gainey, S.R., Hausrath, E.M., Hurowitz, J. A. and R.E. Milliken. (2014) Nontronite dissolution rates and implications for Mars Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 126: 192-211
*Tu, V.M., Hausrath, E.M., Tschauner, O., Iota, V. and Egeland, G.W. (2014) Dissolution rates of amorphous Al- and Fe-phosphates and their relevance to phosphate mobility on Mars. American Mineralogist 99:1206-1215. This paper was selected by the editors of American Mineralogist as a “notable paper”.
*Baumeister, J. L., E. M. Hausrath, A. Olsen, O. Tschauner, *C.T. Adcock, and R. V. Metcalf (2015). Biogeochemical weathering of serpentinites: An examination of incipient dissolution affecting serpentine soil formation, Applied Geochemistry 54: 74-84
GEOG 103: Physical Geography of Earth’s Environment
GEOL 100: Natural Disasters
GEOL 110: Global Warming
GEOL 330 Introduction to Geochemistry
GEOL 492: Seminar
GEOL 425/625: Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 703X: Topics in Advanced Geochemistry
GEOL 796: Aqueous Biogeochemistry